United States Department of State

Teaching, Homeschooling & Tutoring Toolkit

Get all the information you need to apply for or manage repayment of your federal student loans. Article 13 of the United Nations’ 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights recognizes a universal right to education. In China, Confucius (551–479 BCE), of the State of Lu, was the country’s most influential ancient philosopher, whose educational outlook continues to influence the societies of China and neighbours like Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Confucius gathered disciples and searched in vain for a ruler who would adopt his ideals for good governance, but his Analects were written down by followers and have continued to influence education in East Asia into the modern era.

  • There is no broad consensus as to what education’s chief aim or aims are or should be.
  • During the High Middle Ages, Chartres Cathedral operated the famous and influential Chartres Cathedral School.
  • Schools, centres and families are encouraged to celebrate reading efforts during the PRC Celebration Weeks from 31 October to 11 November.
  • Programs such as the International Baccalaureate have contributed to the internationalization of education.

According to UNESCO, “for a country to meet the basic needs of its people, the teaching of science is a strategic imperative”. As an academic field, philosophy of education is “the philosophical study of education and its problems its central subject matter is education, and its methods are those of philosophy”. Since 1909, the percentage of children in the developing world attending school has increased. By the start of the twenty-first century, the majority of children in most regions of the world attended some form of school. By 2016, over 91 percent of children are enrolled in formal primary schooling.

Consequently, education is now considered critical in […] Read more. This study examines factors that influence parent’s willingness to encourage their children to consider teaching as a career. Using structural equation modeling, we identified four factors that are highly predictive of a parent’s willingness to encourage their children to consider teaching and their […] Read more.

Informal learning

Primary schools are often subdivided into infant schools and junior schools. Instructors in primary and secondary institutions are often called teachers, and they direct the education of students and might draw on many subjects like reading, writing, mathematics, science and history. Instructors in post-secondary institutions might be called teachers, instructors, or professors, depending on the type of institution; and they primarily teach only their specific discipline.

Through evidence building, coordinated advocacy and collective action, the UNGEI partnership works to close the gender gap in education. The Giga Initiative was launched to connect every school to the internet and every young person to information, opportunity and choice. Citizenship, because primitive people are highly concerned with the growth of individuals as tribal members and the thorough comprehension of their way of life during passage from prepuberty to postpuberty. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. We’ve created a new place where questions are at the center of learning. Find federal education legislation, regulations, guidance, and other policy documents.

However, there are deep disagreements about the exact nature of education besides these general characteristics. According to some conceptions, it is primarily a process that occurs during events like schooling, teaching, and learning. Others understand it not as a process but as the achievement or product brought about by this process. On this view, education is what educated persons have, i.e. the mental states and dispositions that are characteristic of them. However, the term may also refer to the academic study of the methods and processes taking place during teaching and learning, as well as the social institutions involved in these processes. Equitable access to learning opportunities and improved skills development in primary education – including foundational, digital and transferable skills – is key to ensuring that every child is prepared for life, work and active citizenship.


We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. Technology, migration, climate change and conflict are reshaping society, forcing people across the globe to adapt to unexpected changes in their lives and work. To keep up, adolescents must be able to seize opportunities and confront challenges. Beginning approximately at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century, Athens became the first city-state in ancient Greece to renounce education that was oriented toward the future duties of soldiers.