European Education Area

Education: Development news, research, data

After the public school system was widely developed beginning in the 19th century, alternative education developed in part as a reaction to perceived limitations and failings of traditional education. A broad range of educational approaches emerged, including alternative schools, self learning, homeschooling, and unschooling. Example alternative schools include Montessori schools, Waldorf schools , Friends schools, Sands School, Summerhill School, Walden’s Path, The Peepal Grove School, Sudbury Valley School, Krishnamurti schools, and open classroom schools. Vocational education is a form of education focused on direct and practical training for a specific trade or craft. Vocational education may come in the form of an apprenticeship or internship as well as institutions teaching courses such as carpentry, agriculture, engineering, medicine, architecture and the arts.

  • This study examines factors that influence parent’s willingness to encourage their children to consider teaching as a career.
  • Instead, the entire environment and all activities are frequently viewed as school and classes, and many or all adults act as teachers.
  • This was a broad conceptualization of education, which prescribed that it begins at home, supported by formal schooling, and reinforced by community living.

There is no broad consensus as to what education’s chief aim or aims are or should be. Different places, and at different times, have used educational systems for different purposes. The Prussian education system in the 19th century, for example, wanted to turn boys and girls into adults who would serve the state’s political goals.

The terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are often used interchangeably. Educational psychology is concerned with the processes of educational attainment in the general population and in sub-populations such as gifted children and those with specific disabilities. Universal Primary Education was one of the eight international Millennium Development Goals, towards which progress has been made in the past decade, though barriers still remain. Securing charitable funding from prospective donors is one particularly persistent problem.

Cultural Institutions

They offer students more varied, specialized and in-depth instruction. They are more differentiated, with range of options and learning streams. Education can be characterized from the teacher’s or the student’s perspective. Teacher-centered definitions focus on the perspective and role of the teacher, for example, in the form of transmitting knowledge and skills while doing so in a morally appropriate manner.

For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. The EEA initiative structures collaboration between Member States and stakeholders to build more resilient and inclusive national education systems. This playlist shows UNESCO’s action in education and our vision for the future of learning. “My students are so engaged with the EP content. It has good scope and ensures my students still get the information they need if I am not at school.”

Intuitive and actionable data for teachers, parents and school leaders. Dedicated helpline run by NSPCC for children and young people who have experienced abuse at school, and for worried adults and professionals that need support and guidance. You can report concerns about extremism related to education settings in England, including allegations about institutions, staff and external people or organisations trying to influence settings. Research that measures the impact of education policies to improve education in low and middle income countries. In collaboration with the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, this initiative provides governments with actionable data to identify barriers that lead to exclusion and develop policies and programmes that put more children on track to complete their education. EdTech Hub is a global research partnership that empowers people by giving them the evidence they need to make decisions about technology in education.

Regardless of setting, educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion, and directed research. Education is supported by a variety of different philosophies, theories and empirical research agendas. Read about how schools and enrolments are managed, how our initiatives and strategies support learning, and guidance on transitioning from school to a career. We are setting the foundations for quality early learning experiences and building strong partnerships with early years services, schools and communities. We are empowering confident and creative lifelong learners through a student-centred approach to learning and wellbeing.

At the level of the individual, there is a large literature, generally related to the work of Jacob Mincer, on how earnings are related to the schooling and other human capital. The chief controversies revolve around how to interpret the impact of schooling. Some students who have indicated a high potential for learning, by testing with a high intelligence quotient, may not achieve their full academic potential, due to financial difficulties. This can include activities such as learning new skills, creating a personal development plan , developing talents, creating human capital, developing spiritually, or improving self-knowledge.

University education includes teaching, research, and social services activities, and it includes both the undergraduate level and the graduate level . Higher education typically involves work towards a degree-level or foundation degree qualification. In most developed countries, a high proportion of the population (up to 50%) now enter higher education at some time in their lives. Higher education is therefore very important to national economies, both as a significant industry in its own right and as a source of trained and educated personnel for the rest of the economy. Resources are available from NYSED as schools and districts welcome students back to school. The accountability plan addresses disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and modifies accountability indicators and processes to best support New York’s schools.

COVID-19 response

Over 600 million children and adolescents worldwide are unable to attain minimum proficiency levels in reading and mathematics, even though two thirds of them are in school. For out-of-school children, foundational skills in literacy and numeracy are further from grasp. Some authors stress its value to the individual, emphasizing its potential for positively influencing students’ personal development, promoting autonomy, forming a cultural identity or establishing a career or occupation. Other authors emphasize education’s contributions to societal purposes, including good citizenship, shaping students into productive members of society, thereby promoting society’s general economic development, and preserving cultural values. Dunn and Dunn focused on identifying relevant stimuli that may influence learning and manipulating the school environment, at about the same time as Joseph Renzulli recommended varying teaching strategies. Howard Gardner identified a wide range of modalities in his Multiple Intelligences theories.